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Takata Airbag Inflator Ruptures Continue, Despite Recalls

Posted on Friday, October 17th, 2014   

Metal Shard from Takata AirbagIn late June 2014, a Honda Accord owner from the Santa Monica, California reported to NHTSA a May 31 low-speed fender-bender that deployed the airbag bag, “sending hot metal and plastic shrapnel into the cabin. As a result of this minor accident my daughter sustained severe burns, bruises and abrasions on her arms and legs. Honda admits that the airbag was not designed with this in mind but refuses to take any responsibility other than to present me with a bill for $3700.00,” the Honda owner wrote.

At the time, the 2005 Accord hadn’t ever been recalled for an airbag inflator rupture – although some 6 million Honda vehicles had in nine campaigns going back to 2008. Honda was well-versed in the problem afflicting airbags supplied by Takata, having settled its first claim in 2004. The defect – airbag inflators that deploy in low-speed impacts with excessive force, causing the bag to explode sending metal and plastic fragments flying into the occupant compartment – has been tied to at least two deaths and 139 injuries. Specifically, Honda’s defect notices have referenced “separation of the metal airbag inflator shelf, resulting in metal fragments of the shell being propelled through the airbag fabric. The defective bags also have been installed in vehicles manufactured by Toyota, Nissan, Ford, Chrysler, General Motors, Mazda, Subaru, Mitsubishi and Isuzu – all of which have announced recalls covering 14 million vehicles.

Despite receiving its first claim ten years ago, Honda took no action until 2008, with a recall limited to fewer than 4,000 2001 Civic and Accord vehicles. Since then, Honda has launched a series of rolling recalls in 2009, 2010, 2011, 2013 and 2014. And, Takata has offered various explanations for the inflator ruptures:

  • Excessive internal pressure caused by the handling of the propellant during airbag inflator module assembly.
  • A manufacturing process that occurred before assembling the inflators – the process of pressing the propellant into wafers, traced to one particular high-precision compression machine.
  • Problems with a manufacturing process used to prepare the propellant that may have been out of specification.
  • Propellant produced in 2001-2002 could be out of specification without the plant knowing it.
  • Exposure to moisture.

That Santa Monica Honda owner got a cold reception – even as the automaker was less than three weeks away from recalling all 2001-2007 Honda Accords in Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and eight high-humidity states due to moisture exposure, but not California:

Honda Takata airbag inflator rupture“My first two calls to American Honda were very frustrating and yielded no results,” the owner explained to NHTSA. “After I explained the damages and the explosive nature of the airbag deployment, both of the reps I spoke to brushed me off and told me that I should let my insurance handle it and if they had any questions they could contact American Honda. Their response was indifferent, bordering on rude.”

Honda was more responsive to NHTSA. Ten days after the agency received the complaint, Honda added California to the list of states in which owners were eligible for a repair. Besides Honda, six manufacturers are participating in the regional recall: Chrysler, Ford, Nissan, BMW, Mazda and Toyota.

But, it’s likely that this defect has more death and injury victims. The Center for Auto Safety has accused Honda of failing to report some legal claims – including one of the known deaths, an Oklahoma teenager in 2009 – to NHTSA, as it is required to do under the Transportation Recall Enhancement Accountability and Documentation Act. In response, Honda has hired a third-party auditor to investigate.

And it’s likely that complaints will continue to be lodged, because the root cause or causes have never been definitively identified. In addition, some owners of affected vehicles have complained that they did not receive an airbag recall notice, so consumer notification is another unresolved issue.

Finally, this defect may not be just plaguing aged vehicles and may affect vehicle outside of the high-moisture states. In September, the Reisterstown, Maryland driver of a 2010 Honda Civic reported an airbag deployment that resulted in the release of metal fragments. The 2010 Civic only had 56,011 miles on it when the September 13 incident occurred:

While driving at low speeds, the driver side air bag and ceiling air bag deployed unexpectedly. The contact suffered an injury to the face and the driver seat was fractured in half by a metal fragment. The vehicle was not diagnosed or repaired. The manufacturer stated that the vehicle was not included in NHTSA campaign number…

This recent complaint suggests that all of the affected vehicles have not been recalled.

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